Learning Finance & Economics

Global economies & trading partners


Global Markets

Global bond markets
Global share markets
Global commodity markets
Global currency markets

What is a Bull market?

When the security / commodity rises >= 20% from recent lows over a sustained period of time (lasts for months, even years). Usually hard to predict, only recognised after it happened.

What is a Bear market?

When the security / commodity falls >= 20% from recent highs over a sustained period of time (eg 2 months or more)

What to do in a Bear Market?


Global Emerging Markets

An emerging market is a developing country.  4 largest are BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China).

Current according to Wikipedia
2013 according to Bloomberg

Continents Example countries
Asia China, India, Indonesia, Turkey
Africa Egypt, Kenya, Morocco, Senegal
Europe (east) Russia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland
North america Mexico, Dominican Republic
South america Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia